What is artificial intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that develops intelligent machine systems to do the mental tasks that humans would otherwise do.
AI can range from personal assistants like Siri® on your smartphone to military robots or unmanned drone aircrafts patrolling the Middle East.
AI systems “learn,” utilizing stored data and past experience in order to develop new knowledge – similar to how children learn about their world and develop language skills in order to respond accordingly, a lot of money is being invested for corporations who are trying solve complex business problems with AI technology.
Unlike some current applications, artificial intelligence promises not just an expansion of existing possibilities but radical change – freeing people from repetitive labor so they have time either for leisure or more complicated work that demands more individualized and “human” skills.
What are the ethical implications?
The biggest concerns in the realm of artificial intelligence include, as we’ve already noted, that it may simply create more jobs for robots instead of people, but there’s also fear that robot weapons might one day make human soldiers obsolete.
The third concern is the loss of privacy and autonomy since cyber surveillance is dramatically improving. At the same time, AI has great potential: it can be used to help solve social issues such as poverty and disease.
Why is artificial intelligence important?
The usefulness of artificial intelligence can be seen in a surprising number of applications, from the military to our cell phones.
The US Air Force is testing an AI system that uses predictive analytics to give F-22 pilots mission support even before they take off. Labs at NASA are using Ai and robotics for planetary exploration, while Google CEO Eric Schmidt sits on the Pentagon’s Defense Innovation Advisory Board.
There are unlimited possibilities in a world that’s increasingly mundane because it rich with AI-powered devices and services: self-driving cars, robots performing tasks like shoveling snow or folding laundry, virtual voice assistants responding to requests in spoken language rather than typed sentences – those are just three out of many potential examples.
Robotics is near a tipping point where machines will be able to perform more complex tasks that will have a huge impact in our economy.
What are the most important technological milestones?
We can say with certainty that AI has already come a long way and it’s just getting started.
Self-driving cars powered by AI will change the landscape of transportation, freeing commuters from having to drive to work. AI-assisted medical treatment can help doctors make more precise decisions in all kinds of cases. Virtual assistants and digital personal health records powered by artificial intelligence will radically change healthcare.
In the realm of business, we’ve already seen that AI has a beneficial effect on many types of businesses: whether it’s an online travel agency using predictive analytics to offer customers a more personalized experience or warehouse robots that are replacing human workers in warehouses.
It may be difficult to envision all of the ways that AI can benefit our lives, but it’s important to remember how many things remain possible as technology continues to advance.
Types of Artificial intelligence (AI).
There are three types of Artificial Intelligence:
3) General (Strong and general are what we should worry about.)
No intelligence. There have been many examples of these systems in action. Weak AI is often used in machine learning and can be very good at performing tasks it has been trained to perform and are very fast at learning those tasks but cannot solve new problems or come up with creative solutions on their own.
Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI). A system that is as skilled or better than a human being in pretty much every area. These systems are still in the realm of science fiction for now but there is no theoretical reason why we can’t develop them.
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Systems that have cognitive abilities similar to humans.
Those are the three main types of artificial intelligence.
How will AI change the world?
Artificial intelligence is going to change the world just as much as electricity did. Electricity completely transformed our economy, how we live, and how wars are fought (just think about the first world war).
AI will be able to do everything people can do except better. AI will be able to diagnose illnesses more accurately than doctors. Predict riots before they happen, and even stop shoot outs before they happen. The benefits to society from AI will be enormous but the risks are equally big.
It is important that we as a society have an honest discussion about what kind of world we want to live in with AI at our side or if we want to ban it all together. If everyone remains ignorant to the possibilities of AI, we might wake up one day and realize that AI has taken over.
The good news is, it will be a while before this happens. The bad news is, there are people out there working on developing strong general artificial intelligence right now. We need to know as much about it as possible so that if/when it happens, we can be prepared.
What are some basic examples of artificial intelligence technology?
AI technology exists in many industries today – from entertainment, to robotics, to personal assistants on our computers and smartphones.
At the MGA Lab we’re currently developing a program for predicting successful marriages. Can you imagine how much time it would save to have the computer do all that work for us? Also, what if there was a system to predict criminal recidivism rates? This could help law enforcement agencies make informed decisions about where and how to focus their resources.
Artificial Intelligence can make many tasks easier. It can potentially reduce risk, be efficient and accurate in what it does.
Areas of controversy include the question of whether AI will do more harm than good, create job loss and unemployment, and invade privacy.
AI is likely to have implications beyond our traditional understanding of the world. Which could be frightening for some people but should also be understood as exciting possibilities.
Disadvantages of AI are that the job market might be taken over by robots and that AI can invade privacy.
Job loss. The fear that AI will take over existing jobs is not unfounded. There are many industries in which tasks can be automated and even outsourced. Leading to layoffs or unemployment among human workers who have been replaced by robots.
AI as a security liability. In theory, any data fed into an AI system could become compromised if the system is hacked. Because of this, privacy and data protection are increasingly important issues in the world of AI.
The world of AI is changing. It’s not something we can ignore or take lightly, but it’s also not something that needs to be feared either.
Artificial intelligence technology has already revolutionized the way we live, learn, communicate, work – it’s everywhere!